THE GREAT DISCOURSE ON
Venerable MAHASI SAYADAW
Note: Pali terms in this page are created with Unicode CN-Times font.
Abhiññā: Higher Knowledge: there are six abhiññā: (1) magical powers; (2) the "divine eye" (clairvoyance); (3) the "divine ear" (clair-audience); (4) the ability to read the minds of others; (5) the ability to recollect past lives; (6) knowledge of the cessation of the outflows (āsava)
Ādīnava ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge (p. 258)
Adukkhamasukha: "neither happiness nor suffering", one of the three kinds of feeling (vedanā).
Akusala: unwholesome, unskillful.
Anāgāmi: See Noble One.
Anāgāmimagga: See Noble One.
Aniccānupassanā ñāṇa: insight into impermanence.
Āpo: the water element, cohesion.
Arahat: See Noble One.
Arahattamagga: See Noble One.
Ariyamagga: the Noble Path; the attainment of the Noble Path is commensurate with transcendent insight.
Ariyamagga ñāṇa: insight knowledge of the Noble Path.
Ariyaphala: Noble Fruit: see magga and phala
Āsava: outflow, canker: the four deep-rooted seeds of defilements: kāmāsava (sensual desire), bhavāsava (becoming), diṭṭhāsava (views) and avijjāsava (ignorance)
Assaji, Venerable: one the Group of Five who heard the Buddha's first Sermon and became his first five bhikkhu disciples.
Āvajjana citta: apprehending, averting consciousness.
Bhaṅga ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge. Bhaddiya, Venerable: one of the Group of Five who heard the Buddha's first sermon and became his first five bhikkhu disciples.
Bhavaṅga: latent or inactive consciousness. See The Functions of Consciousness (p. 259).
Bhāvanā: development, cultivation, meditation.
Bhaya ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Bhikkhu: a Buddhist monk
Bojjhaṅga: Enlightenment Factors; sati (mindfulness) dhamma-vicaya (investigation of dhamma), viriya (effort), pīti (rapture), passaddhi (calm), samādhi (concentration), upekkhā (equanimity).
Brahma: a "god," a being in one of the higher celestial realms.
Citta vithī: the mental process. See The Functions of Consciousness (p.259).
Cuti citta: the "death mind" or death consciousness; the last moment of consciousness before death. See The Functions of Consciousness.
Deva: a celestial being.
Dhamma: the Truth, the Buddha's teaching.
Diṭṭhāsava: see Āsava.
Dukkha: suffering; unpleasant feeling, one of the three types of feeling (vedanā).
Ehi bhikkhu ordination: "Come, bhikkhu," the words used by the Buddha in the early stages of the Dispensation to admit a man into the Order of Monks. As the Order grew, this informal admittance was replaced by a more formal procedure conducted by a quorum of at least five monks.
Foundations of Mindfulness: See Satipaṭṭhāna.
Four Noble Truths: (1): the Truth of Suffering; (2) the Truth of the Cause of Suffering; (3) the Truth of the Cessation of Suffering; (4) the Truth of the Way leading to the Cessation of Suffering.
Fruit: See magga and phala
Gati nimitta: "destination image," a sign appearing in consciousness just before cuti citta, the last moment of consciousness before death.
Gotrabhū: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Group of Five: the group of five mendicants who had previously practiced with the Bodhisatta and who listened to the Buddha's First Sermon and subsequently became his first five bhikkhu disciples.
Hadāya vatthu: the "heart base," the seat of consciousness.
Jīva: life, the life principle.
Javana: See The Functions of Consciousness (p.259).
Jhāna: "absorption," advanced states of concentration.
Kāmāvacara: the "sensual realm," as opposed to the realms of form and formlessness.
Kamma: intentional action.
Kamma nimitta: an image appearing in consciousness representing a certain act of kamma just before the moment of death.
Kāraka attā: "active" or "agent" self.
Khandha: "group," "aggregate;" the five groups of formations that make up existence: rūpa (corporeality); vedanā (feeling), saññā (perception); saṅkhāra (volitional activities); viññāṇa (consciousness).
Khaya, vaya: cessation and dissolution.
Kilesa: mental defilements.
Kiriyā citta: "active mind".
Koṇḍañña, Venerable: one of the Group of Five who heard the Buddha's first sermon and became his first five bhikkhu disciples; he was the first to see the Dhamma, and as a result was given the name Aññā Koṇḍañña: "Koṇḍañña who knows".
Kusala javana citta: skillful impulse mind, skillful impulse.
Magga and phala: Path and Fruit; the experience of enlightenment is divided again at all four stages into two further stages, experience of the Path, and experience of the Fruit, but both are virtually the same.
Mahānama, Venerable: one of the Group of Five who heard the Buddha's first sermon and became his first five bhikkhu disciples.
Majjhima Nikāya: One of the Five nikāyas of the Sutta Piṭaka, the collections of discourses.
Māna: conceit, one of the ten fetters (saṁyojana). Note the distinction between māna and another of the ten fetters, sakkāyadiṭṭhi, which is self view. Māna is only given up on the attainment of Arahatship, while sakkāyadiṭṭhi is given up on the attainment of Stream Entry. See also Noble One.
Manodvārāvajjana: "apprehension by the mind door". See The Functions of Consciousness, Āvajjana.
Manodvāravithī: the thought process.
Muñcitukamyatā ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Ñāṇa: gnosis, vision.
Nibbāna: the Unconditioned, the Deathless, Enlightenment. Nibbidā ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Nivāsī attā: continuous self.
Noble One: One who has experienced transcendent insight and thus removed defilements. There are four main classes of Noble One:
Paṭhavī: the earth element.
Paṭiccasamuppāda: the Principle of Dependent Origination.
Paṭisaṅkhāra ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Paṭisandhi citta: "re-linking consciousness" See The Functions of Consciousness.
Pañcadvārāvajjana: "apprehension by the five sense doors". See The Functions of Consciousness.
Paccekabuddha: a "lone Buddha", one who is fully self-enlightened but who lacks the inclination or ability to teach others.
Pāramita: accumulated virtue.
Parinibbāna: "Final Nibbāna," the death of a Buddha or an Arahat.
Path: The Noble Path, the Eight fold Path of practice leading to Nibbāna; also used to refer to the attainment of transcendent insight: See magga and phala.
Peta: a hungry ghost.
Phala: See magga and phala.
Phassa: sense contact.
Puthujjana: an unenlightened being.
Rūpa: material form, corporeality; visual form.
Sīla: morality, restraint.
Saṁsāra: "wandering," the world of delusion.
Saṅkhāra: volitional formations, one of the five khandhas; also all conditioned things.
Saṅkhārakkhandha: the khandha of volitional formations. Saṅkhārupekkha ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Saṅkhata: conditioned things.
Saññā: perception, one of the five khandhas.
Sakadāgāmi: a Once Returner; see Noble One.
Sakadāgāmimagga: the Path of Once Returner.
Sakkāyadiṭṭhi: selfview, personality belief; one of the ten fetters (saṁyojana). Note the Distinction between sakkāyadiṭṭhi and another of the ten fetters, māna, which is conceit. Māna is only given up on the attainment of Arahatship, while sakkāyadiṭṭhi is given up on the attainment of Stream Entry. See also Noble One.
Sāmaṇera: a Buddhist novice.
Samaṇa: a "striver," a religious practicer.
Sāmi attā: controlling self.
Sammasana ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Sampaṭicchana: See The Functions of Consciousness.
Santīraṇa: See The Functions of Consciousness.
Satipaṭṭhāna: Foundations of mindfulness, the areas to which mindfulness is to be directed: body, feelings, mind and dhammas (natural phenomena). Satipaṭṭhāna meditation is meditation in which these four Foundations of Mindfulness are noted, rather than the mind being simply absorbed into a single object.
Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta: the Sutta in which the Buddha puts forth the teaching on the Four Foundations of Mindfulness.
Sotāpanna: Stream Enterer; See Noble One.
Sotāpattimagga: attainment of Stream Entry.
Stream Enterer: See Sotāpanna.
Sukha: happiness; pleasant feeling, one of the three kinds of feeling (vedanā).
Sutta: a teaching recorded in the Sutta Piṭaka of the Pali Canon.
Tadālambana: See The Functions of Consciousness.
Tejo: the fire element.
U: a respectful title used to precede a man's name in Burma.
Uccheda: annihilation, one of the two extreme views. Udayabbaya ñāṇa: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Upādānakkhandha: the grasped at groups (khandha).
Upekkhā: equanimity, one of the three types of feelings (vedanā) (also called adukkhamasukha vedanā: neither pleasant nor painful feeling); upekkhā as one of the three feelings should be distinguished from upekkhā in the higher meaning of equanimity as a skillful quality of mind, as in the Seven Factors of Enlightenment.
Vappa, Venerable: one of the Group of Five who heard the Buddha's first sermon and became his first five bhikkhu disciples.
Vāyo: the wind element.
Vedaka attā: a self that experiences feelings.
Vedanā: feeling, one of the five khandhas.
Vedanakkhandha: the khandha of feeling.
Viññāṇa: consciousness, one of the five khandhas.
Vipāka citta: resultant consciousness.
Vipassanā ñāṇa: insight knowledge; See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Voṭṭhapana: See The Functions of Consciousness.
Vuṭṭhānagāminī: See The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge.
Worldling: an unenlightened being.
The Sixteen Stages of Insight Knowledge
The Functions of Consciousness
See also: Vietnamese Translation
Source: Sakyamuni Meditation Center, California, U.S.A.